The study of the book of Exodus – the 2nd book of the Torah/the Pentateuch.
EXODUS = Means to exit/to leave.
Place: The land of Goshen in Egypt where the children of Israel where allowed to dwell because of the favor of the Pharaoh at the time of Joseph, who was second in command at the time.
Plot: Israel (Jacob) has traveled to Israel to see his son, who he assumed was dead. The bible declares there was seventy souls that traveled from land of Canaan to Egypt. They, the Israelites were provided for and allowed to take the good part of the land. This was granted by the Pharaoh at that time. But as prophesied to Abram (Abraham), his seed would be as the sand of the sea, and as the stars of the galaxy, innumerable. They lived for years in the best of Egypt in Goshen. They began to multiply and fear moved on the people of Egypt to take them as threats to their kingdom and their way of life. The generation of the Israelites before had all fallen asleep and likewise the Egyptians of that time also died off that were familiar with the Israelites.
Prophecy: Abram (Abraham) was prophesied to:
1. that his seed would be strangers in a foreign land that was not theirs,
2. they would serve their captors for 400 years and also be afflcted
3. the nation that shall enslave and afflict them shall be judged at the end of the appointed time.
4. afterward they shall come out with great substance
5. they will return to the land of Canaan at the end of the iniquity of the Amorites.
Who are the Amorites? They are the descendants of Canaan (Ham). That is why GOD allowed the Israelites to be in Egypt. The Lord GOD who is omniscient, can see the end from the beginning. So He saw that end of the 400 years, that the iniquity repeated sin would be full and complete, and then He would drive the inhabitants of the land of Canaan out.
Time: Exodus covers a time period of a little more than eighty years, beginning with the birth of Moses, a descendant of Levi. The people that will become the priests and keepers of the Holy Tabernacle. It ends with the glimpse of the journey to the Promised land. This journey after crossing the Red (Reed) Sea into the land of Canaan should have taken only 11 days’ journey, but because of continuous fear and disobedience to the command of the Lord it took Israel 4o years to enter into the rest of the LORD! This is valuable to us for understanding that would we must be obedient to GOD if we are to finish our course and the will of GOD. We will perish when we walk contrary to the LORD’s direction.
Pharaoh, a powerful king believed by the Egyptians to be a god with a divine mandate to rule the land (Ex. 1:8)
Shiphrah and Puah, midwives who refused to do Pharaoh’s will to kill all the male Hebrew infants, their disobedience marked the beginning of Israel’s freedom. (Ex. 1:15-21)
Jochebed, Moses’ mother who saved her infant son by wisdom from the Holy Ghost, hiding him in the bulrushes inside a weaved basket along the shores of the Nile River. (Ex. 2:1-10; 6:20)
Moses, who after being raised in the palace of the Pharaoh, as a grandson of the king. Has to hide on the back side of the desert He fled to the land of the Midianites after killing an Egyptian soldier after hurting one of his fellow brethren. (Ex. 2:10).
Aaron, Moses’ brother, who served as his spokesman and was later chosen by GOD to become the first priest of the Israelites. (Ex. 4:27)
Jethro, a wise father-in-law who taught Moses how to accomplish more by delegating some work to others (18:1; 13-23).
Bezaleel and Aholiab, two craftsmen that were given the gift of an artificer, by the Spirit of GOD, and wisdom along with understanding and knowledge in construction. (Ex. 31:2-7)
*Note – Remember that Joseph had favor with the Pharaoh of his day. Scholars believe that the pharaoh of the day was Sesostris III was the pharaoh at the time of the famine. Ex. 12:40 actually can substantiate this as so. The scripture states that Jacob came to dwell in Egypt 430 years before the Exodus.
The whole book is a promise of GOD’s faithfulness throughout all generations. God delivers as promised as we see at the exit of Egypt.
Several scriptures substantiate this as such,
the Lord GOD is a refuge for the oppressed. (Psalms 9:9).
Many are the afflictions of the righteous but the Lord delivers him out of them all. (Psalms 34:19).
The Lord GOD ELOHIM, reveals Himself to Israel as complete Deliverer, Provider, Protector, Redeemer, Judge of all the earth. He states, I AM, THAT I AM (Ex. 3:14). This is to a people that were not spoken of as having known the Lord GOD and all his exploits. They also had not been trained to fight, for they were shepherds. Our GOD is all that we need Him to be. A very present Help in the time of trouble.
Some of the key things that will be explained in scripture are the following:
The Israelites were oppressed by the Egyptians (Ex. 1)
Moses, is hid by his mother in the bulrushes in a weaved basket (Ex. 2:1-10)
Moses, encounters the burning bush and meets the GOD of Israel (Ex. 3:1-6)
The Ten Plagues, GOD fights for His people. (Ex. 7-12)
GOD parts the Red (Reed) Sea (Ex. 14-15)
GOD sends manna from Heaven (Ex. 16) Jesus Christ, the Bread of Life)
The 10 Commandments are given to Israel and the world (Ex. 19-20)
Aaron and the people commit idolatry and whoredom (Ex. 32)
GOD is faithful to fulfill all that He has promised in covenant.
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